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Saturday, April 7, 2012

Go fish. (do not enter)

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Microsoft Windows 8 Second Edition


README for MS-DOS Config.sys Commands


April 1


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(c) Copyright Microsoft Corporation, 1


This document provides complementary or late-breaking


information to supplement the Microsoft Windows 8


Second Edition documentation.


------------------------


How to Use This Document


------------------------


To view Config.txt on-screen in Notepad, maximize


the Notepad window.


To print Config.txt, open the file in Notepad or


another word processor, then on the File menu, click Print.


In syntax lines, lowercase text signifies replaceable


parameters and uppercase text must be typed as it appears.


NOTE The Msdosdrv.txt file contains more Help for


MS-DOS commands. Also you can type the name of the


command at the command prompt, followed by a slash


and question mark (/?). For example CHKDSK /?


If you have the Windows 8 Second Edition CD, you can


get additional help on MS-DOS commands, including


syntax and examples. You can load the MS-DOS 6 help


file by browsing the oolsoldmsdos menu, and then


clicking Help.com.


--------


CONTENTS


--------


ACCDATE


BREAK


BUFFERS/BUFFERSHIGH


DEVICE


DEVICEHIGH


DOS


DRIVPARM


FCBS/FCBSHIGH


FILES/FILESHIGH


INSTALL/INSTALLHIGH


LASTDRIVE/LASTDRIVEHIGH


NUMLOCK


REM


SET


SHELL


STACKS/STACKSHIGH


SWITCHES


-------------------------------


ACCDATE


=======


For each hard disk, this command specifies


whether to record the date that files are


last accessed. Last access dates are turned


off for all drives when your computer is


started in safe mode, and are not maintained


on floppy disks by default.


Syntax


ACCDATE=drive1+|- [drive+|-]...


Parameters


drive1, drive ...


Specifies the drive letter.


+|-


Specify a plus sign (+) to indicate that


the last access date should be maintained


for files on the drive. Specify a minus


sign (-) to indicate that the last access


date should not be maintained for files.


BREAK


=====


This command sets or clears extended CTRL+C


checking. You can use this command at the


command prompt or in your CONFIG.SYS file.


You can press CTRL+C to stop a program or an


activity, such as file sorting. Typically, MS-DOS


checks for CTRL+C only while it reads from the


keyboard or writes to the screen or a printer. If


you set BREAK to ON, you extend CTRL+C checking to


other functions, such as disk read and write


operations.


Syntax


BREAK [ON|OFF]


To display the current BREAK setting at the command


prompt, use the following syntax


BREAK


In your CONFIG.SYS file, use the following syntax


BREAK=ON|OFF


Parameter


ON|OFF


Turns extended CTRL+C checking on or off.


BUFFERS/BUFFERSHIGH


===================


This command allocates memory for a specified number


of disk buffers when your system starts. Use the


BUFFERSHIGH command to load the buffers in the upper


memory area. You can use these commands only in your


Config.sys file.


Syntax


BUFFERS=n[,m]


BUFFERSHIGH=n[,m]


Parameters


n


Specifies the number of disk buffers. The value of


n must be in the range 1 through .


m


Specifies the number of buffers in the secondary


buffer cache. The value of m must be in the range


0 through 8. The default is 0 (no secondary cache


buffers).


If you specify an invalid value for n or m, BUFFERS uses


the default settings.


DEVICE


======


This command loads into memory the device driver you


specify. You can use this command only in your Config.sys


file.


Syntax


DEVICE=[drive][path]filename [dd-parameters]


Parameters


[drive][path]filename


Specifies the location and name of the device driver


you want to load.


[dd-parameters]


Specifies any command-line information required by


the device driver.


DEVICEHIGH


==========


This command loads the device driver you specify into


the upper memory area. Loading a device driver into the


upper memory area frees more bytes of conventional memory


for other programs. If upper memory is not available,


the DEVICEHIGH command functions just like the DEVICE


command.


You can use this command only in your Config.sys file.


Syntax


DEVICEHIGH [drive][path]filename [dd-parameters]


To specify the region(s) of memory into which to


load the device driver, use the following syntax


DEVICEHIGH [[/Lregion1[,minsize1][;region[,minsize] [/S]]=


[drive][path]filename [dd-parameters]


Parameters


[drive][path]filename


Specifies the location and name of the device


driver you want to load into the upper memory area.


dd-parameters


Specifies any command-line information required by


the device driver.


Switches


/Lregion1[,minsize1][;region[,minsize]...


Specifies one or more regions of memory into which


the device driver is loaded. By default, MS-DOS loads


the driver into the largest free upper memory block


(UMB) and makes all other UMBs available for the drivers


use. You can use the /L switch to load the device driver


into a specific region of memory or to specify which


region(s) the driver can use.


To load the driver into the largest block in a


specific region of upper memory, specify the region


number after the /L switch. For example, to load the


driver into the largest free block in region 4, you


would type /L4. To list the free areas of memory,


type MEM /F at the command prompt.


When loaded with the /L switch, a device driver


can use only the specified memory region. Some


device drivers use more than one area of memory;


for those drivers, you can specify more than one


region. To find out how a particular device driver


uses memory, issue the MEM /M command and specify


the device-driver name as an argument. To specify


two or more regions, separate the block numbers


with a semicolon (;). For example, to use blocks


and , you would type /L;.


Typically, MS-DOS loads a driver into a UMB in


the specified region only if that region contains


a UMB larger than the drivers load size (usually


equal to the size of the executable program file).


If the driver requires more memory while running


than it does when loaded, you can use the minsize


parameter to ensure that the driver will not be


loaded into a UMB that is too small for it. If you


specify a value for minsize, MS-DOS loads the driver


into that region only if it contains a UMB that is


larger than both the drivers load size and the


minsize value.


/S


Shrinks the UMB to its minimum size while the


driver is loading. Using this switch makes the


most efficient use of memory. This switch is


generally used only by the MemMaker program


in MS-DOS 6.x, which can analyze a device


drivers memory use to determine whether the /S


switch can safely be used when loading that driver.


This switch is used only in conjunction with


the /L switch and affects only UMBs for which a


minimum size is specified.


DOS


====


This command specifies that MS-DOS should maintain a link


to the upper memory area, load part of itself into the high


memory area (HMA), or both. You can use this command only in


your Config.sys file.


Syntax


DOS=HIGH|LOW[,UMB|,NOUMB][,AUTO|,NOAUTO]


DOS=[HIGH,|LOW,]UMB|NOUMB[,AUTO|,NOAUTO]





DOS=[HIGH,|LOW,][UMB,|NOUMB,]AUTO|NOAUTO


Parameters


UMB|NOUMB


Specifies whether MS-DOS should manage upper


memory blocks (UMBs) created by a UMB provider


such as Emm86.exe. The UMB parameter specifies


that MS-DOS should manage UMBs, if they exist.


The NOUMB parameter specifies that MS-DOS should


not manage UMBs. The default setting is NOUMB.


HIGH|LOW


Specifies whether MS-DOS should attempt to load


a part of itself into the HMA (HIGH) or keep all


of MS-DOS in conventional memory (LOW). The default


setting is LOW.


AUTO|NOAUTO


Specifies whether MS-DOS should automatically load


Himem.sys, Ifshlp.sys, Dblbuff.sys, and Setver.exe


device drivers if they are not explicitly loaded in


your Config.sys file. The default setting, AUTO,


automatically loads these device drivers. The AUTO


setting also automatically uses the BUFFERSHIGH,


FILESHIGH, FCBSHIGH, LASTDRIVEHIGH, and STACKSHIGH


commands, whether the -HIGH form of the command is


used or not. If you specify the NOAUTO parameter, you


must load these device drivers and use the -HIGH form of


the above commands in order to take advantage of them.


DRIVPARM


========


This command defines parameters for devices such as disk and


tape drives when you start MS-DOS. You can use this command


only in your Config.sys file.


The DRIVPARM command modifies the parameters of


an existing physical drive. It does not create a new


logical drive. The settings specified in the


DRIVPARM command override the driver definitions


for any previous block device.


Syntax


DRIVPARM=/Dnumber [/C] [/Ffactor] [/Hheads] [/I] [/N]


[/Ssectors] [/Ttracks]


Switches


/Dnumber


Specifies the physical drive number. Values for number


must be in the range 0 through 55. For example, drive


number 0 = drive A, 1 = drive B, = drive C, and so on.


/C


Specifies that the drive can detect whether the drive


door is closed.


/Ffactor


Specifies the drive type. The following table shows the


valid values for factor and a brief description of each.


The default value is .


0 160K/180K or 0K/60K


1 1. megabyte (MB)


70K (.5-inch disk)


5 Hard disk


6 Tape


7 1.44 MB (.5-inch disk)


8 Read/write optical disk


.88 MB (.5-inch disk)


/Hheads


Specifies the maximum number of heads. Values for


heads must be in the range 1 through . The default


value depends on the value you specify for /Ffactor.


/I


Specifies an electronically compatible .5-inch


floppy disk drive. Use the /I switch if your


computers ROM BIOS does not support .5-inch


floppy disk drives.


/N


Specifies a nonremovable block device.


/Ssectors


Specifies the number of sectors per track that


the block device supports. Values for sectors


must be in the range 1 through . The default


value depends on the value you specify for /Ffactor.


/Ttracks


Specifies the number of tracks per side that the


block device supports. The default value depends on


the value you specify for /Ffactor.


FCBS/FCBSHIGH


=============


This command specifies the number of file control blocks (FCBs)


that MS-DOS can have open at the same time. Use the FCBSHIGH


command to load the FCBs in the upper memory area. You can use


these commands only in your Config.sys file.


Syntax


FCBS=x


FCBSHIGH=x


Parameter


x


Specifies the number of file control blocks that


MS-DOS can have open at one time. Valid values for


x are in the range 1 through 55. The default


value is 4.


FILES/FILESHIGH


===============


This command specifies the number of files that MS-DOS can


access at one time. Use the FILESHIGH command to load the


command in the upper memory area. You can use these commands


only in your Config.sys file.


Syntax


FILES=x


FILESHIGH=x


Parameter


x


Specifies the number of files that MS-DOS can


access at one time. Valid values for x are in


the range 8 through 55. The default value is 0.


INSTALL/INSTALLHIGH


===================


This command loads a memory-resident program into memory


when you start MS-DOS. Use the INSTALLHIGH command


to load the memory-resident program into the upper


memory area. You can use these commands only in


your Config.sys file.


Memory-resident programs stay in memory as long


as your computer is on. They can be used even when


other programs are active. You can use the INSTALL


or INSTALLHIGH command to load MS-DOS memory-resident


programs.


Syntax


INSTALL=[drive][path]filename [command-parameters]


INSTALLHIGH=[drive][path]filename [command-parameters]


Parameters


[drive][path]filename


Specifies the location and name of the


memory-resident program you want to run.


command-parameters


Specifies parameters for the program you


specify for filename.


LASTDRIVE/LASTDRIVEHIGH


=======================


This command specifies the maximum number of drives you can


access. Use the LASTDRIVEHIGH command to load the LASTDRIVE


data structures in the upper memory area. You can use these


commands only in your Config.sys file.


The value you specify represents the last


valid drive that MS-DOS is to recognize.


Syntax


LASTDRIVE=x


LASTDRIVEHIGH=x


Parameter


x


Specifies a drive letter in the range A through Z.


NUMLOCK


========


This command specifies whether the NUM LOCK key is set to ON or


OFF when your computer starts. You can use this command only in


your Config.sys file.


Syntax


NUMLOCK=[ON|OFF]


Parameters


ON|OFF


If set to ON, turns on the NUM LOCK key when MS-DOS


displays the startup menu. If set to OFF, turns


NUM LOCK off.


REM


===


This command enables you to include comments in a batch file or


in your Config.sys file. The REM command is also useful for


disabling commands. You can use a semicolon (;) instead of the


REM command in your Config.sys file, but not in batch files.


Syntax


REM [string]


Parameters


string


Specifies any string of characters, for example,


the command you want to disable or the comment


you want to include.


SET


===


This command displays, sets, or removes MS-DOS environment


variables.


You use environment variables to control the


behavior of some batch files and programs and to


control the way MS-DOS appears and works. The SET


command is often used in the Autoexec.bat or


Config.sys files to set environment variables each


time you start MS-DOS.


Syntax


SET variable=[string]


To display the current environment settings at


the command prompt, use the following syntax


SET


Parameters


variable


Specifies the variable you want to set or modify.


string


Specifies the string you want to associate


with the specified variable.


SHELL


=====


This command specifies the name and location of the command


interpreter you want MS-DOS to use. You can use this command


only in your Config.sys file.


If you want to use your own command interpreter instead of


Command.com, you can specify its name by adding a SHELL


command to your Config.sys file.


Syntax


SHELL=[[drive]path]filename [parameters]


Parameters


[[drive]path]filename


Specifies the location and name of the command


interpreter you want MS-DOS to use.


parameters


Specifies any command-line parameters or switches


that can be used with the specified command interpreter.


STACKS/STACKSHIGH


=================


This command supports the dynamic use of data stacks to handle


hardware interrupts. Use the STACKSHIGH command to load the


stacks in the upper memory area. You can use these commands


only in your Config.sys file.


Syntax


STACKS=n,s


STACKSHIGH=n,s


Parameters


n


Specifies the number of stacks. Valid values for


n are 0 and numbers in the range 8 through 64.


s


Specifies the size (in bytes) of each stack.


Valid values for s are 0 and numbers in the range


through 51.


SWITCHES


=========


This command specifies special options in MS-DOS. Use this


command only in your Config.sys file.


Syntax


SWITCHES= /F /K /N /E[n]


Switches


/K


Forces an enhanced keyboard to behave like a


conventional keyboard.


/N


Prevents you from using the F5 or F8 key to bypass


startup commands. (SWITCHES /N does not prevent you


from pressing CTRL+F5 or CTRL+F8 to bypass Drvspace.bin


or Dblspace.bin; to prevent this, use the DSPACE /SWITCHES


command to add the SWITCHES /N setting to your


Dspace.ini file.)


/E[n]


Used without the n parameter, indicates that


Io.sys should suppress the automatic relocation


of EBIOS. (Automatic relocation of EBIOS


increases the conventional memory available to


MS-DOS-based programs.) Suppressing automatic


relocation results in less conventional memory


available to MS-DOS-based programs. Use the /E


switch with the n parameter to relocate N bytes


of EBIOS to low memory, where n is the number of


bytes to be relocated. The minimum value for n


is 48 and the maximum value is 104. The number


specified is always rounded up to the next multiple


of 16.


You can find more information on MS-DOS commands on


your Windows 8 Second Edition CD-ROM. Open the file


Windows 8 oolsoldmsdoshelp.com.


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